MUSC80A finalreview

MUSC80A finalreview - music notes and review

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Epic - a lengthy narrative poem, usually that recounts heroic deeds and mythologies and histories of the groups who perform them. They are usually transmitted via oral tradition. Arranged folklore - the practice of collecting (monophonic) tunes from rural communities, codifying and harmonizing them for performance by large ensembles Tashkari/ichkari Estrad Estrada - variety entertainment, refers to a broad rubric of entertainment forms and styles Popular music – music accessible to general public On ikki maqam – “the twelve modes” from xinxiang region Rhythm – variation and length and accentuation of a series of sounds or other events. Nomad - a person (or group) that has no permanent home and travels, often depending on the season, in search of fresh pasture for their animals Heterophony – texture created through simultaneous variation of a melodic line Nola Folk music – traditional music, music by and for the common people Art music – musical traditions implying advanced structural and theoretical considerations Usul – from xinxiang region - underlying rhythmic cycle complements melodic rhythm and sometimes helps shape overall structure of composition – almost like “meter” “tala” – counterpart is “maqam”, melodic mode (usul is rhythmic mode) Melisma - Group of notes sung to a single syllable Syllabic movement Saarmagijih - neutralization of distinctive musical traditions. In Inner Mongolia, Mongol music was changed during the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966–76) Neume – musical notation Pentatonic – musical scale with five pitches per octave as opposed to the heptatonic Temperament – system of tuning which slightly compromises the pure intervals of just intonation in order to meet other requirements of the system (the tunings of a scale, often so that some of the intervals are slightly impure, in order to insure that none of the intervals will be extremely out of tune when the instrument is played in various keys or modes) Folklorization - The presence of the "other" in terms of cultural differences is apparently recognized, and is managed by adding "acts or moments" of "folklore" of those "other cultures". Cipher notation – sheet music that consists primarily of numbers, letters or native characters representing notes in order (graphic/numerical notation that associates numbers with specific pitches) Heptatonic – music scale with seven pitches per octave Equal temperament – a tuning based on a cycle of twelve identical 5ths, that produces 12 equally spaced semitones within an octave (each semitone has 100 cents). This is the standard tuning of western classical and popular music. Important dates 1917 (Uzbek, Mongolia – Soviet Russia) Bolshevik revolution 1949 (Xingiang, China – China) founding of Communist China (PRC) and Taiwan (ROC) 1950 (Tibet – China) China invaded Tibet 1959 (Tibet) Tibet uprising caused Buddhist monks to leave/Dalai lama exile 1989 (China) Tiananmen square 1991 (Uzbek, Mongolia – Soviet Russia) collapse of soviet union, Uzbek independence
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This note was uploaded on 01/11/2011 for the course MUSC 80A taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '08 term at UCSC.

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MUSC80A finalreview - music notes and review

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