FinalReview

# FinalReview - Review and Notes for the Final Exam Equations...

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6 Copyright: 2010 Prof. Magde Review and Notes for the Final Exam • Equations may not be balanced. Always check them. I will tell you one is balanced, and I believe it is; but it would not hurt to check anyway. At least one is not, and you must correct it to get the right answer. This is not a trick; it is part of being a chemist. • You will get: 1. Periodic Chart 2. Constants R, h, c, N A 3. Three equations from Chapter 7, the only ones you may need or may not need. 4. 50 questions, about which more later. • Other Advice: Look over the Solutions to Follow Up Problems in each chapter.

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6 Copyright: 2010 Prof. Magde Review and Notes for the Final Exam • Chapter 1: Significant figures, physical and chemical changes, unit conversions, some ideas about Scientific Method. • Chapter 2: Atoms, electrons, protons, neutrons, periodic chart, elements and compounds, naming ionic and covalent compounds. Mixtures as opposed to compounds. See the syllabus to be reminded about the complex ions you are expected to recognize. Two of them, at least, appear on the final. • Chapter 3: Molar masses, finding empirical formulas, balancing equations, limiting reagents, predicting amount of product, molarity in aqueous solutions. • Chapter 4: Many different types of reactions and their equations, mostly in aqueous solution.
6 Copyright: 2010 Prof. Magde Review and Notes for the Final Exam • End of chapter problem 4.98: Rust is removed from steel using hydrochloric acid Is either reaction below a redox reaction? If so, what are the oxidizing agents and the reducing agents? 6HCl(aq) + Fe 2 O 3 (s) 2FeCl 3 (aq) + 3H 2 O(l) 2HCl(aq) + Fe(s) FeCl 2 (aq) + H 2 (g) Hint 1: Find all the oxidation numbers. If the number increases, the atom is oxidized. If the number decreases, the atom is reduced. Hint 2: What gets reduced must oxidize something else and, therefore, is an oxidizing agent. What gets oxidized must reduce something

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FinalReview - Review and Notes for the Final Exam Equations...

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