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Abnormal Psychology - Abnormal Psychology A.K.A...

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A b n o r m a l P s y c h o l o g y A.K.A. Psychological Disorders A “harmful dysfunction” in which behavior is judged to be  atypical, disturbing, maladaptive and unjustifiable.
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Early Theories Abnormal behavior was evil spirits trying  to get out. Trephining was often used.
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Perspectives and Disorders Psychological School/Perspective Cause of the Disorder Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Internal, unconscious drives Humanistic Failure to strive to one’s potential or being out of  touch with one’s feelings. Behavioral Reinforcement history, the environment. Cognitive Irrational, dysfunctional thoughts or ways of  thinking. Sociocultural Dysfunctional Society Biomedical/Neuroscience Organic problems, biochemical imbalances, genetic  predispositions.
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DSM IV Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders : the big book  of disorders. DSM will classify disorders  and describe the symptoms. DSM will NOT explain the  causes or possible cures.
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Two Major Classifications in the DSM Neurotic Disorders Distressing but one can still  function in society and act  rationally. Psychotic Disorders Person loses contact with  reality, experiences distorted  perceptions. John Wayne Gacy
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Anxiety Disorders a group of conditions where  the primary symptoms are  anxiety or defenses against  anxiety. the patient fears something  awful  will happen to them. They are in a state of intense  apprehension, uneasiness,  uncertainty, or fear.    
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Phobias A person experiences sudden  episodes of intense dread. Must be an irrational fear. Phobia List
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Generalized Anxiety Disorder GAD An anxiety disorder in which a  person is continuously tense,  apprehensive and in a state of  autonomic nervous system  arousal. The patient is constantly tense  and worried, feels inadequate, is  oversensitive, can’t concentrate  and suffers from insomnia. 
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Panic Disorder An anxiety disorder marked  by a minutes-long episode of  intense dread in which a  person experiences terror and  accompanying chest pain,  choking and other frightening  sensations.
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Obsessive-compulsive disorder
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