div21-realworld - APPLYING PSYCHOLOGY TO REAL WORLD...

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Unformatted text preview: APPLYING PSYCHOLOGY TO REAL WORLD PROBLEMS REAL Div 21 of the American Psychological Div 21 of the American Psychological Association: Applied Experimental & Engineering Psychology Francis T. Durso, Patricia R. DeLucia, & Kerstan Mork, Texas Tech University How loud can your music be before you damage your hearing? How do you know where to push on a door to enter a building? At what room temperature are people most productive? What’s the best way to study? How high should your desk chair be? Why are surgical gowns green? What’s worse—drinking and driving or driving while on a cell phone? Focus on people Focus Save people Save Union Carbide Power plant: Bhopal India USS Vincennes A plane runs out of gas while circling an airport for an hour A woman is awake during surgery A warship mistakes a airliner for a fighter plane and shoots it down George Weller runs over people at the farmer’s market Biased lineup leads eyewitnesses to pick the wrong man Unreliable gauges are ignored Design technology for people Design Traffic systems: from signs to maps Cars: from brake lights to GPS Computers: from keyboards to websites Aviation: from air traffic control to unoccupied aerial vehicles Military: from night vision goggles to remote deployment systems Office: from chairs to room lights History History Efficiency experts World War II—1940s Space exploration—1960s Computers—1980s Who are we? Who Engineering psychologists, sometimes called applied experimental or human factors psychologists, understand the abilities and limits of being human They apply that knowledge to improve the systems and technologies with which we work Today’s areas Today’s Forensics & the Law Computers & the Net Surface transportation Education & Training Human performance Perception & Cognition Test & Evaluation Systems & Macroergonomics Augmented cognition Individual differences Aerospace Environment Safety Health care Virtual reality Product design Industrial ergonomics Communications & Iowa State Virtual Reality Interests & Skills you need Interests Enjoy conducting research focused on people Be comfortable with math and science Enjoy learning more about how people think and work Be interested in technology Have good communication and critical thinking skills Be a good team player Current Issues & Careers Current Predator UAV Hundreds of people a day die from preventable medical errors By 2025, air traffic will triple People are becoming more reliant on automated aids and smart machines Computer usage increases each year Work in industry, government, academic settings Secure a job with a MA or PhD Earn a starting salary of 60­80K Leadership and management options Conclusion Conclusion • • • • • • • Focus on people Save people Design technologies for people Work on a diverse selection of projects Apply a diverse set of skills Achieve an exciting and lucrative career Fill a growing need in all employment sectors Web Sites Web http://www.apa21.org www.hfes.org http://www.iea.cc/ http://www.hfes.org/web/EducationalResources/e http://www.hf.faa.gov/Webtraining/index.htm http://www.baddesigns.com/ http://www.aviation.uiuc.edu/institute/acadprog/ep Publications Publications Human Factors Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied Ergonomics and Design Transportation Research Part F International Journal of Aviation Psychology Human­Computer Interaction ...
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