Memory1 - Memory The capacity to retain information over time Encoding the conversion of incoming information into a form that can be stored in

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Memory : The capacity to retain information over time. Encoding : the conversion of incoming information into a form that can be stored in memory. Storage : maintaining information in memory over a period of time. Retrieval : the process of searching for stored information and bringing it to mind.
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Basic Reasons for Forgetting Encoding Failure: information did not get into memory. Storage Failure : information has disappeared from memory; it is no longer in storage. Retrieval Failure : information is stored in memory but it cannot be located.
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Two Major Theories of Forgetting Decay Theory: information in memory eventually disappears if it is not used. (“Use it or lose it.”) Interference Theory: information stays in memory permanently even if it is not used. Forgetting occurs because other things we have learned somehow prevent us from finding the information we want.
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A famous experiment that supported the  interference theory and went against the 
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2011 for the course PSY 270 taught by Professor Hall during the Spring '05 term at University of Phoenix.

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Memory1 - Memory The capacity to retain information over time Encoding the conversion of incoming information into a form that can be stored in

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