myers15 - Social Psychology Social Dude this stuff is awe e...

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Social Psychology Social Psychology ‘Dude, this stuff is awesome!!’ Shevaun Stocker Psyc 10 instructor
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What is Social psychology? The field of psych pertaining to how we think about other people, interact in relationships and groups, and are influenced by others Scientific study of how people’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior are impacted by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others The study of social situations, with special attention to how we view and affect others
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Topics in Social Psychology Social Influence Attraction/Love Close Relationships (my area of research) Behavior in Groups Helping Behavior Aggressions Attitudes The Self
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Person Perception Perception Mental grasp of objects through the senses Object of interest in social psych is the person Impression Formation What info do we use when making judgments? Appearance Age, gender, ethnicity Attractiveness Behavior Information from others
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Biases in Judgment Implicit Personality Theory People assume that certain aspects or traits go together Halo effect Halo effect : We assume people we like have good characteristics, even if we haven’t seen them Self-concept bias What we consider important in ourselves is often what we consider important in others Primacy effects People are influenced more by info they receive early in an interaction than by info that appears later We will even re-interpret new information so that it fits our earlier impression of people
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Attribution Processes The process of asking “why” people do what they do We do this for unexplained or unexpected events Kelley’s covariation model Consensus Do other people react in the same way as the target? Consistency Does the target react in the same way to this stimulus on repeated exposures? Distinctiveness Does the target react the same way to similar stimuli?
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Kelley’s Covariation Model Distinctiveness High Low High Consensus High Low Low Consistency High High Low Attribution Stimulus (movie) Person (my sister) Situation
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Attributional Errors Fundamental Attribution Error A tendency to overestimate the impact of personal causes of behavior and to overlook the role of situations Actor-Observer Bias More likely to make external attributions for our own negative behavior and internal attributions for others’ negative behavior Vice versa for positive behavior (though this tendency isn’t as strong)
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Stereotypes If we use schemas to form overall impressions of others because we are cognitive misers… Stereotypes: group schemas, containing a set of beliefs about people in a particular social category Devine (1989) Automatic activation of stereotypes CAN be controlled, when our personal beliefs (either positive or negative ) of a social group are not aligned with the automatic stereotypes
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2011 for the course PSY270 d54633 taught by Professor Hall during the Spring '05 term at University of Phoenix.

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myers15 - Social Psychology Social Dude this stuff is awe e...

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