Peloponnesian War Maria Navas.docx - HISTORY 121-101 Maria...

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HISTORY 121 -101Maria Navas 1Peloponnesian WarThe Peloponnesian War as a battle fought during the ancient Greek between Sparta andAthens which were the most powerful states at the time. According to Cartwright (2018) the waroccurred in two phases with the conflicts occurring abroad and at home. A truce of six yearsseparated the two combat periods. Thucydides account of the war shows that conflicts startedafter Athens formed a coalition with Corcyra and began besieging Potidaea threatening Corinth’sposition. Besides Sparta was concerned that Athens would become more powerful and tried toprevent combat. Spartans argued that it was possible to have peace. However, Pericles Athensleader refused the suggestion because the two city-states (Athens and Sparta) had previouslyagreed that disputes would be resolved using arbitration. Athens was not ready to take ordersfrom Sparta and the war started. It damaged both sides although Persia provided financial help toSparta to win the war. As a result, the battle shifted power to Sparta from Athens. Sparta becamethe dominant city-state in Greek. The Peloponnesian War had devastating effects on the fightersand those at home. The paper below focuses on battle and home front experiences during thePeloponnesian War.Battle Front ExperiencesStudies indicate that Athens was morally aggressive, but Sparta declared war first. In thebattlefront Sparta’s army appeared to be more superior in terms of quantity and quality. However,Athenian had sea advantage. Athens' defenses were strong meaning fighters could not be starved.Additionally, it had adequate financial resources to purchase materials and pay the troops.Cartwright (2018) argued that the Peloponnesian war contributed to developments and changes
HISTORY2in warfare. The scholar revealed that the heavily fortified hoplite with phalanx formationdominated the battlefields in Greek but became more profound and extensive during the combat.The deployment of mixed troops and combined arms threatened hoplite's dominance. Thebattlefield, cavalry, and light infantry tactic became more widespread. Other development during the war included increase use of slave’s foreigners andmercenaries in Greek troops. It is imperative to note that slavery was prevalent in Greek. Slaveswere used in different fields, including war, salt mines, and public bureaucracies, among others.

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