Doves, people against the war in Vietnam, wanted American troops to withdraw from the war and
deescalate the situation. They believed that Vietnam was no threat to American democracy and that the
war was unnecessary. If drafted for the military, many anti-war activist were conscientious objectors. This
meant that they would refuse to serve in the military using the Bill of Rights to back them up. Their
grounds were freedom of thought, conscience, or religion.
"individual who has claimed the right to
refuse to perform military service" on the grounds of freedom of thought, conscience, or religion. By the
end of the Vietnam War, the Supreme Court widened the legal criteria from religious pacifists to anyone
who opposed war.
How would you describe the political climate of America in the 1970s?
How did the Supreme Court ruling of conscientious objectors affect the military draft?