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QUIZ 3 prep - QUIZ 3 prep(discussion questions included please READ Focus on understanding main principles and incentives/disincentives behind

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QUIZ 3 prep (discussion questions included, please READ) Focus on understanding: - main principles and incentives/disincentives behind financing of health care and insurance - methods of provider reimbursement - basics of major governmental programs - what is medical technology and why do we have so much of it compared to other countries - the role of the FDA - privacy of health information CHAPTER 5: Technology and Its Effects CHALLENGES OF MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY It provides numerous benefits, but society must bear its high cost It raises consumer expectations and leads to wasteful care especially because insured individuals do not bear the costs It leads to overspecialization in medical practice Countries that have national health insurance programs have to ration technology to hold down costs Free access to technology makes the cost of health care less affordable. It places severe limitations on the nation’s ability to extend health care to all Americans. WHAT IS MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY? Any scientific discovery that finds its application in delivering health care. It results from the application of scientific knowledge produced by biomedical research It adapts certain developments from other scientific fields, such as chemistry, physics, engineering, etc. FORMS OF MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY Equipment and devices Pharmaceuticals Medical and surgical procedures Facilities and settings Information systems Management and organizational systems INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS Clinical information systems support patient care delivery, clinical decision making, and clinical reports. It includes electronic medical records and medical informatics. Telemedicine utilizes integrated applications of telecommunications and information technologies. Administrative information systems enable the organization to carry out financial and administrative support functions
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Decision support systems provide analytical tools for managerial decision making Internet and e-health applications. An EHR system has four basic components: (1) Collection and storage of health information on individual patients. (2) Access to information by authorized users. (3) Provision of knowledge and decision-support to enhance the quality, safety, and efficiency of patient care (medical informatics). (4) Improve the efficiency of health care processes. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was enacted in 1996 to address confidentiality of patient information and to confer certain patient rights with regard to information contained in their medical records. The Internet and E-health have seen increased use by patients and physicians. Certain applications can make physicians more productive. For certain health conditions, virtual visits are appropriate for monitoring and follow up. Telemedicine has faced several barriers: Licensure of physicians and other providers across
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2011 for the course HAP 301 taught by Professor Henderson during the Fall '10 term at George Mason.

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QUIZ 3 prep - QUIZ 3 prep(discussion questions included please READ Focus on understanding main principles and incentives/disincentives behind

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