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Unformatted text preview: ls in the Human Body Sodium Principle electrolyte in the extracellular fluid and Principle primary regulator of extracellular fluid volume. primary Best source is table salt: NaCl In US, men consume 3300 mg of sodium per day In (8 grams of salt). 1gram = 1/3 tsp salt. (8 Maximum recommended intake is 6 grams sodium Maximum per day ( ? mg of sodium). per Sodium is found primarily in processed foods. Sodium can increase risk for hypertension in salt Sodium sensitive individuals. sensitive High sodium intakes is associated with bone loss. Calcium Most abundant mineral in the body. 99% is stored in the bone. Hydroxyapatite is crystallized salts that form on Hydroxyapatite the matrix of protein collagen (flexible cartilagenous like material that first forms). cartilagenous Bones continuously gain and lose minerals Bones during process of remodeling. during Calcium in body fluids. In blood calcium helps regulate muscle In contraction, transmit nerve impulses, clots blood, secretes hormones, digestive enzymes, and neurotr...
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- Spring '08