review%20of%20nutr%202010

Interacts with platelets in blood clotting affects

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Unformatted text preview: of Vitamin A, essential to Produces wound healing, taste perception, making of sperm, and fetal development. and Important for growth and development. Zinc Deficiency Can cause dwarfism and severe growth Can retardation. retardation. Impair immune function, abnormal taste, Impair abnormal dark adaptation, loss of appetite, and developmental disorders. and Phytates in grains, legumes, ad seeds inhibit Phytates zinc absorption as well as iron, calcium, and magnesium. magnesium. Food Sources of Zinc Iodine Iodine is an integral part of the thyroid Iodine hormone which regulates body temperature, metabolic rate, reproduction, growth, making of blood cells, nerve, and muscle function. function. Deficiencies can result in goiters and Deficiencies cretinism. cretinism. Goiter Severe IDD, dwarf cretin woman from Hetian District in Xinjiang, China Energy Balance Change in fat stores (kcalories) = Change energy in (kcalories) – energy out (kcalories) (kcalories) in Hazards of Fasting Wasting of lean tissue Wasting Impairment of disease resistance Lowering of body temperature Disturbances in body’s water and Disturbances electrolyte balance electrolyte Health Risks of Overweight and Obesity Diabetes Hypertension High blood lipids Cardiovascular Disease Sleep Apnea Osteoarthritis Abdominal Hernias Some Cancers Liver malfunction Complications in pregnancy and surgery Flat feet Psychological impact Determining a Healthy Body Weight Weight is within suggested range for height Weig...
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