1. A. “Old Immigrants”. were from the British Isles, Germany, and Scandinavia, and
mostly Irish or Germans. By 1890, the “New Immigrants” came. They were immigrants
from southern and eastern Europe such as Italy, Poland, Russia, Austria-Hungary,
Greece, Turkey, and Syria.
The most numerous of the New Immigrants were the Italian
Catholics and eastern European Jews.
#1 Works Cited
Nash, Gary B., and Julie R. Jeffrey, eds.
The American People
. 5th ed. Vol. 1. Priscilla McGreehon. Print.
2. Slavic immigrants settled where they found low-paying jobs in factories or as day
laborers, and they formed small communities across the cities where they created social
and cultural institutions. The housing in the cities was cramped and many immigrants
lived in tenements. Families typically shared one room, with little to no lighting and
unsanitary conditions. There were unions for those who couldn’t speak the language well
that helped Slav’s.
#2 Works Cited
Slavic Ohioans - Ohio History Central - A product of the Ohio Historical Society."
Ohio History Central -
An Online Encyclopedia of Ohio History - Ohio Historical Society
. Web. 24 Oct. 2009.
"HISTORY OF THE EARLY IMMIGRANTS COMING TO AMERICA."
It's All Relative Genealogy
Web. 24 Oct. 2009. <http://www.iarelative.com/kuchta1.htm>.
3. B. The Nativists thought that immigration was a threat to society. They claimed that
immigration was bad because of diversity: different religions, different languages,
increase of criminal actions, spread radical political ideas, and worked cheaply which
lowered wages of native Americans. Social Darwinism was a belief that the strongest
should survive and the weak would wear off, in society. The Populists supported people’s
natural rights against the aristocratic America, especially typically supported farmers,
laborers, and other reformers. Social Gospel-ists rejected capitalism. Pragmatists believed
that ideas should be judged by its usefulness.
#3 Works Cited
"The Social Gospel."
Travel and History
. Web. 24 Oct. 2009. <http://www.u-s-
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
. Web. 24 Oct. 2009. <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/
C. During the late 19
century, central business replaced large houses, businesses, and
small artisan houses. In 19
century when the most desirable housing was located at the
heart of the city but later, due to improvements in transportation it wasn’t anymore.
Better transportation allowed the middle and upper class citizens to live further away
from their work. The introduction of cable cars, and streetcars after 1880 broadened
residential choices for the upper and middle class. Immigrants were still concentrated in
ghettos. People didn’t leave for the frontier they just went to the outskirts of the city.
# 4 Works Cited