Name(s): David A Class: American history Date: Use textbooks and other available resources in order to complete the following charts. Answer the Questions to Consider on the back of each chart. As you research, look for information on the legacy of each battle. Sand Creek Massacre Date and location: 29 th November 1864, Sand Creek, Colorado Identify the role of the following tribe and key figure in the battle: Cheyenne John Chivington Tribe that accepted the peace terms to Fort Lyon and were supposed to peacefully live at the Sand Creek Reserve The commander of the regiment that carried out the massacre. List the causes of the battle: The Cheyenne returned to Sand Creek Reserve assuming protection from the U.S. government. Hatred towards Indians.
Briefly describe the outcome of the battle: Bloody Massacre, the village was attacked while everyone was unarmed and at peace. Questions to Consider: 1. Why did the Cheyenne venture out from the Sand Creek Reservation to raid nearby settlements? - The Cheyenne were forced to venture out from the Sand Creek Reservation to raid nearby settlements because they were starving. They needed food and other supplies to survive and the land they were given was not large enough to support all of them. 2. What motivation did John Chivington have to seek revenge against the Indians? He hated the Indians as they killed his father. 3. What is the legacy of the Sand Creek Massacre? A big conflict between white people and Indians. They both did not want to negotiate, and the Sand Creek Massacre served as one of the precedents for further acts of violence between the two. Battle of the Hundred Slain/Fetterman Massacre Date and location: 21 st December, 1866, Lodge Ridge Trail, Black Hills, South Dakota Territory Identify the role of the following tribes and key figures in the battle: Sioux Red Cloud or Mahpiua Luta Native American tribe of the northern plains who resisted white expansion. White settlers were not much of a threat to the Sioux Indians until they discovered gold in the West, began to force the Sioux Indians off their land and onto a reservation whe a war started between them.
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- Native Americans in the United States, Cheyenne, Sioux, Battle of the Little Bighorn, Sitting Bull