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09 Aging - #9 Aging#9 Aging A The Baby Boom The demographic...

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#9 Aging #9 Aging A. The Baby Boom. 1. The demographic effects of industrialization were further magnified by WW II 2. “baby boom”—a dramatic increase in the population generated 1946 ~1965. 3. After 1965, decline in the numbers of children born into a typical family. 4. The net result is that the age pyramid that characterizes most traditional societies—many children, fewer adults, and very few elders—has been increasingly turned on its head, and older Canadians increasingly predominate in the population. 5. Median age of Canadians 22.7 in 1901, 37.6 in 2001, 41.0 by 2011. (exactly 1/2 population is older and the other half is younger) B. Mandatory Retirement age questions 1. Will older citizens who continue to occupy positions in the labour force block the entry and advancement of younger Canadians? 2. Will older workers → victims of ageist discrimination in the workplace? 3. Will seniors who are disabled or ill become an overwhelming burden for young citizens who are directly or indirectly (through taxation) involved in the provision of care for the elderly? 4. As the seniors’ population continues to grow, particularly the population of aged seniors (80+), it is likely that debates over not only social security taxes but also other public expenditures, such as health care, will greatly intensify. 5. How scarce resources will be allocated when the interests of seniors conflict with those of the young. E.g., should limited research funding be directed toward the diseases of the elderly—for example arthritis, heart disease—or the health concerns of the young—for example reproductive technologies.
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