Chapter 8

Chapter 8 - Chapter 8:Technology from Past to Future...

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Chapter 8:Technology from Past to Future Computers have changed how Canadians work and communicate Computer technology (cell phones, email devices, video games internet) In 2001 49% of Canadians had internet access as opposed to 26% a year previous What has changed? Technology has been integrated into most workplaces Computers are faster, smaller and cheaper over the years In 1946, The Electronic Numerical Integrator Calculator (ENIAC) was the world’s first general purpose computer (9 feet high with a metal cabinet weighing 30 tons) Impact of the microcomputer By 1977 Intel had created a microcomputer that was 20 times faster than ENIAC and one hundred and thirty thousandth the size and one ten thousandth the cost Typewriters became obsolete as the microcomputer took over the market ATMs and on line banking have replaced tellers Machines: no need for wages/benefits and machines don’t go on strike Internet Access World Wide Web (www) developed in the 1990’s and an example of technology and communication merging In 1995 there were 17.5/1000 Internet hosts for Canadians, By 2000 over 108 New jobs were created by the information technology sector (IT) Social Analysis What is changing in our society due to technology and what remains the same? Who is affected by the change and how are they affected? Workplace
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A construction company uses an excavator that runs on diesel and hydraulic technology and one operator to run it Automation and new technology saves owners of factories money and time Considered “progress” In 1983 IBM took the lead in PCs The Canadian Advanced Technology Association (CATA) worried about the consequences when people were let go from their jobs Employers worried about “sabotage” (from the French word for “clogs” or “sabots”, heavy wooden shoes used to destroy machinery) Luddites “Luddites” -People who question or are wary of new technologies - people who oppose technological change a social movement (British 19th century ) - artisans protested against changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution fearing the elimination of their livelihoods as a result of these technologies Industrial Revolution : 1. The development of steam-powered machinery driving forces 2. the growth of iron and steel production Skills of artisans: weavers, shoemakers, textile workers The Luddites were opposed to becoming wage workers subject to discipline of factory management As it turned out, factories tended to employ unskilled women and children who worked in terrible conditions Luddites - pushed for minimum wage, opposed the women and children in factories, opposed shoddy work
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Chapter 8 - Chapter 8:Technology from Past to Future...

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