Dale - Computer Science Illuminated 44

Dale - Computer Science Illuminated 44 - 1.2 The History of...

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Unformatted text preview: 1.2 The History of Computing 17 Networking In the 1980s, the concept of a large machine with many users gave way to a network of smaller machines connected in order to share resources such as printers, software, and data. The Ethernet , invented by Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs in 1973, was a cheap coaxial cable connecting the machines and a set of protocols that allowed the machines to communicate with one another. By 1979, DEC (Digital Equipment Corporation), Intel, and Xerox joined to establish Ethernet as a standard. Workstations were designed for networking, but networking personal computers didnt become practical until a more advanced Intel chip was introduced in 1985. By 1989, Novells Netware connected PCs together with a file server , a PC with generous mass storage and good input/output capability. Locating data and office automation soft- ware on the server rather than each PC having its own copy allowed for a measure of central control while giving each machine a measure of autonomy. Worksta-giving each machine a measure of autonomy....
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