Exercises 29 4. Who was considered the first programmer? Describe her contributions to the history of computers. 5. What company did Dr. Hollerith form? 6. How is data represented in an IBM card? 7. For whom is the Turing Award in computing named? 8. a. What was the first commercial computer? b. Who bought it? c. When was it sold? 9. What was the first computer used to predict the outcome of an election? 10. Some experts made early predictions that a small number of com-puters would handle all of mankinds computational needs. Why was this prediction faulty? 11. a. List four important facts about the first generation of hardware. b. List three important facts about the second generation of hardware. c. List three important facts about the third generation of hardware. 12. The following companies were giants in the field of computer hard-ware in early generations: IBM, Remington Rand, NCR, DEC, Hewlett Packard, Control Data, Burroughs, Intel, and Xerox. a.
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.