From 1943 until her death on New Year’s Day in 1992, Admiral Grace Murray Hopper was intimately involved with computing. In 1991, she was awarded the National Medal of Technology “for her pioneering accomplishments in the develop-ment of computer programming languages that simplified computer technology and opened the door to a significantly larger universe of users.” Admiral Hopper was born Grace Brew-ster Murray in New York City on December 9, 1906. She attended Vassar and received a Ph.D. in mathe-matics from Yale. For the next 10 years, she taught mathematics at Vassar. In 1943, Admiral Hopper joined the U.S. Navy and was assigned to the Bureau of Ordnance Computation Project at Harvard University as a programmer on the Mark I. After the war, she remained at Harvard as a faculty member and continued work on the Navy‘s Mark II and Mark III computers. In 1949, she joined Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation and worked on the UNIVAC I. It was there that she made a legendary contribution to computing: She discovered the first
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