Integrated circuit (alsochip)A piece of siliconon which multiple gateshave been embedded4.6Integrated Circuits107Figure 4.13An SSI chip containingindependent NAND gatesPowerGround14131211109867452314.6Integrated CircuitsAn integrated circuit(also called a chip) is a piece of silicon on whichmultiple gates have been embedded. These silicon pieces are mounted on aplastic or ceramic package with pins along the edges that can be solderedonto circuit boards or inserted into appropriate sockets. Each pin connectsto the input or output of a gate, or to power or ground.Integrated circuits (IC) are classified by the number of gates containedin them. These classifications also reflect the historical development of IC
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