final terms - PSC 1 Introductory Psychology Spring 2008...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PSC 1 Introductory Psychology Spring 2008 Final Exam Major Terms & Concepts Understand the meaning of these terms and you will perform well on the final exam. Introduction to Psychology psychology’s relationship to philosophy other epistemologies empiricism : observation, experimentation combined with logical reasoning= scientific objective reality structuralism: believed that psychology should use introspection ( self observation of ones own experience ) to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and see how elements are related – testing senses functionalism : inspired by William James believed that psychology should focus on the purpose and adaptive functions of consciousness – testing mental Wundt’s/ Hall : founded psychology lab and focused on structure of conscious experience , influenced by reductionism used introspection = beginnings of structuralism William James: influenced by Darwin consciousness= functionalism believed that psychology is embedded in our culture and intellectual influences: mental testing, patterns , diff btw sexes Freud: (psychoanalytic) investigated the unconscious determinants of behavior and sexuality Watson: “behaviroism” argued that psychology should only study observable behavior (science of behavior) emphasized the importance of environment over heredity ( stimulus response) Skinner : behaviorism should also only study observable behavior “free will is an illusion” perspectives in psychology -Biological : behavior is determined by physiological factors and processes. Research looks at brain activity during various behaviors, thoughts, or feeling. Also concerned with genetics+ cognitive -Evolutionary : roots in functionalism, behavior arises as a function of our adaptive responses to the environment: natural selection , looks at similarities btw humans and other animals -Psychodynamic: behavior is influenced by the unconscious- sexuality plays a role in behavior -Behavioral: nurture NOT nature has an influence , emphasize environment , animal research -Cognitive : thought, info processing: memory, decision making, emotions, explains a lot about how we gain and use knowledge -Humanistic: aka: phenomenological – behavior is determined by each indiviuals capacity to think and act: uniqueness of individual, biggest drive toward highest potential. Maslow + rogers subdisciplines of psychology : Biological*
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
• Developmental* • Cognitive/Perception* Research Methods goal of psychological research: We want an accurate understanding of psychological phenomena. –Accurate understanding means we can: •describe •explain •predict •control behavior with confidence scientific method : is a set of rules consisting of certain assumptions, attitudes, goals, and procedures for creating and answering questions about nature. Scientific Method Assumptions-
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 001 taught by Professor Post during the Fall '10 term at UC Davis.

Page1 / 10

final terms - PSC 1 Introductory Psychology Spring 2008...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online