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nature - what people needs will end materialistic desires...

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Newman, Lance. “Marxism and Ecocriticism.” Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment . Summer 2002: 1-23. One of the new schools for analyzing literature is ecocriticism. Many ecocritics interpret the writings of Henry David Thoreau in different ways. In order to understand why Henry David Thoreau went to Walden Pond to write Walden , one needs to understand the populist revolutions which rebelled against powerful merchants and bankers in his era. Thoreau believes his escape to nature reconciles the rebellion of established society with the natural surroundings and restores stability in his internal being. When looking at how people treat nature, one sees underlying currents that causes pollution and deforestation: people’s growing materialistic desires. Karl Marx, in Das Capital , asserts balancing the means of production so that what is produced equates to
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Unformatted text preview: what people needs will end materialistic desires. Although Marx’s solution appears to sooth the conflict between nature and human demands, no country in history confirms Marx’s statement because people’s expectations about their lives change as people age. Thus, the precise definition of what are materialistic changes with time. One ecocritic highlights that teaching ecocriticism slows the changing definition of materialistic objects. Texts that instructors select should demonstrate how humans depend on the environment. Furthermore, those texts should explain why humans abuse the environment in the past. Finally, through the cycle of discovering new ideas in ecocriticism and passing those ideas to future generations, humans create an interdependent cycle between Marxism and ecocriticism....
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