World War I - The Great War World War I 1914-1918 Basic...

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The Great War World War I: 1914-1918 Basic Causes Imperialism *United States just began imperialism *Europe are very much imperialists Nationalism *European nationalism very great *Theodore Rooservelt very much an imperialist Militarism *Roosevelt promoted militarism sending the Great White Fleet to tour the world *Many other nations building their military; strengthening their navy etc. System of Alliances Triple Alliance Dual Alliance Germany Dual Monarchy Austria Hungary Italy *joins dual alliance with Austria-Hungary and Germany making it the triple alliance Triple Entente (a reaction to the formation of the triple alliance; less formal agreement) Great Britain France Russia (czarist Russia) Steps to War (1914) Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by Gavrilo Princip Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia Russia comes to the aid of Slavic Serbia *Russia considers themselves “protector of the slavs” Germany supports Austria-Hungary Schlieffen Plan Attack France via Belgium Then defeat Russia *Belgium declares its neutrality and forbids Germany to pass through *Germany attacks Belgium which is known as the “Rape of Belgium” Great Britain declares war on Germany *Great Britain declares war as a result of the attack on Belgium *They also try to propaganda of the “Rape of Belgium” to get the U.S. involved in the war Italy joins Allied Powers nine months later *they claim Triple Alliance was a defensive agreement and they say Germany is the aggressor U.S. remains neutral
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Central Powers Germany Kaiser Wilhelm II Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Ottoman Empire Allied Powers Great Britain David Lloyd George France Georges Clemenceau Italy Vittorio Orlando Russia Czar Nicholas II Lenin Trotsky United States Woodrow Wilson Stalemate (1915) Trench Warfare *hundreds of miles of trenches (mostly in France) *foot disease from foot being continually wet and skin starts to rot, were soldiers primary concern Mass charges *come out of trenches and charge at the opposition, but no advances were usually made War of attrition *which side can hold out longest? This makes US important because they have so much supplies and potential New weapons introduced: Machine guns *guns had a range of 500 yards compared to the musket range of 100 Tanks *used to go over barriers, soldiers usually followed behind the tank Airplanes *airplanes introduced but not important to the war, mostly used for scouting and occasionally hand dropped bombs Submarines *were seen as unfair, Germany used them most effectively, but unrestricted warfare. Poisonous gas
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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World War I - The Great War World War I 1914-1918 Basic...

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