ReviewQuestions - I. True-or-false questions (from ch....

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I. True-or-false questions (from ch. 1-23, “Quiz”) : 10 x 1 = 10 points II. MC questions (from ch. 15-23, “Quiz”): 40 x 1 = 40 points III. Definition questions (from ch. 1-23, or the following): 10 (out of 15) x 3 = 30 points 1. dramaturgical model: a perspective that sees society like a stage (that is, a drama) wherein social actors are “on stage,” projecting and portraying social roles to others 2. positivism: a system of thought in which accurate observation and description is considered the highest form of knowledge 3. postmodernism: a theoretical perspective based on the idea that society is not an objective thing but is found in the words and images—or discourses—that people use to represent behavior and ideas 4. social facts: social patterns that are external to individuals 5. Social Darwinism: the idea that society evolves to allow the survival of the fittest 6. verstehen: the process of understanding social behavior from the point of view of those engaged in it 7. sociological imagination: the ability to see the societal patterns that influence individual and group life 8. cultural capital: cultural resources that are socially designated as being worthy (such as knowledge of elite culture) and that give advantages to groups possessing such capital 9. cultural hegemony: the pervasive and excessive influence of one culture throughout society 10. cultural relativism: the idea that something can be understood and judged only in relationship to the cultural context in which it appears 11. globalization: increased economic, political, and social interconnectedness and interdependence among societies in the world 12. culture shock: the feeling of disorientation that can come when one encounters a new or rapidly changed cultural situation 13. Sapir–Whorf hypothesis: a theory that language determines other aspects of culture because language provides the categories through which social reality is defined and perceived 14. subculture: the culture of groups whose values and norms of behavior are somewhat different from those of the dominant culture 15. object relations theory: a psychoanalytic theory of socialization arguing that social relationships children experience early in life determine the development of their personality 16. looking-glass self: the idea that people’s conception of self arises through reflection about their relationship to others 17. personality: submit to authority, rigidly conform, and be intolerant of ambiguity 18. risky shift: the tendency for group members, after discussion and interaction, to engage in riskier behavior than they would while alone 19. anomie: the condition existing when social regulations (norms) in a society break down 1
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20. ethnomethodology: a technique for studying human interaction by deliberately disrupting social norms and observing how individuals attempt to restore normalcy 21. class consciousness: the awareness that a class structure exists and the feeling of shared identification with others in one’s class with whom one perceives common life chances
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2011 for the course ESCE SOCI100 taught by Professor Xiaguang during the Winter '10 term at Acton School of Business.

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ReviewQuestions - I. True-or-false questions (from ch....

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