Lecture 11 Critical Thinking II

Lecture 11 Critical Thinking II - Critical Thinking II...

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Critical Thinking II Chapter 6 – 10, Browne and Keeley
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Value Assumptions Assumptions – unstated belief that supports the explicit reasoning Value vs. descriptive assumptions Value - the way the world should be Unstated ideas that people see as worthwhile The cigarette example (p. 53) Individual vs. collective rights Deontological vs. teleological Clues – background and consequences “Sociological Paradigms”
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Value Assumptions Today’s youth need to spend a lot less time with their computers, cell phones and iPods. Long sedentary hours at a computer is one of the major causes of early obesity in our children, and all that time spent instant messaging and e-mailing keeps them from learning important face- to-face social skills. Also parents are having to struggle to find any time to spend with their children. How much time our children are wasting is revealed by a recent survey that found that the total amount of media content our children get exposed to has increased to eight and a half hours per day! Parents need to set limits on the time their children spend “dialing up.”
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Value Assumptions Conscientious objectors are traitors to their country and should be either arrested or deported to somewhere that will tolerate them. When one's country is in danger of foreign domination, there is no time for cowardice or reflection. The freedom of every citizen is in danger when a war is on, and it is every citizen's duty to contribute to that freedom's defense. Conscientious objectors put everyone at risk, and they must not be allowed to do so with impunity.
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Value Assumptions In 1992, 282.5 people per 100,000 in the United States died of heart disease, and 204.3 per 100,000 died of cancer. These two death rates are nearly four times the size of the next nearest cause of death (cerebrovascular diseases), and both are largely caused by lifestyle choices. What kind of lifestyle choices are Americans making to lead to this result? 27.5 percent are grossly overweight
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This note was uploaded on 01/14/2011 for the course MGMT 2384 taught by Professor Mclaren during the Spring '08 term at Saint Mary's University Texas.

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Lecture 11 Critical Thinking II - Critical Thinking II...

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