CH 3 Don’t read: pgs 8-14, 41-51, 57-64, 79-84, 104-105
Mental Health Professions
completes a residency in psychiatry after obtaining
their medical degree.
Clinical Psychologist (PhD):
4 or more years of graduate school at
university, 1 year of predoctoral internship, most often 1-2 year post-
Clinical Psychologist (PsyD):
similar training to PhD but generally less
emphasis on research. Professional schools. Doctorate of Psychology.
Counseling Psychologist (PhD or EdD):
similar to clinical, but generally more
emphasis on behavioral adjustment. At UGA, housed in the college of
School Psychologist (PhD or EdD):
jobs for Masters level in school systems,
testing, training, therapy, counseling
Social Workers (MSW or PhD):
multiple job functions and settings.
Counselors, Therapists, Psychotherapists….
Degree? Training? Specialty?
Very generic terms
Bolder Model…. Mental Health Profession: Consumer of science-
enhancing the practice, Evaluator of science- determining the
effectiveness of the practice, creator of science- conducting research
that leads to new procedures useful in practice
There are many specializations within each of the areas listed…
adult, child, adolescent, health, pediatric, forensic, severe
psychopathology, according to age group or type of disorder, etc.
Many settings in which to work: academia, private practice,
hospitals, mental health agencies, schools, government settings,
What determines how these specialists approach, conceptualize,
and treat mental health problems?
Basic knowledge, categorized, depends on patient, degree,
title, conceptual paradigm/theory?
“It is theory which decides what we can observe.” Einstein
Study by Langer and Abelson
Subjects: 2 groups, behavioral therapists and psychoanalytic
What does each group focus on?
Behavioral: more observeral
Intervention: Both groups watched a 15 min. video of a
man being interview. Kind of ambiguous content. ½ of