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09 - Polsci 1101 The President as the Chief Diplomat...

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Polsci 1101 4/2/09 The President as the Chief Diplomat Diplomatic front and war front are essential-president is supposed to be seen as the head of crisis. Chief Foreign Policymaker The American President has been “the dominant participant in foreign policymaking” over the course of the country’s history (582). John Marshall once said, president is “the sole organ of the nation” in foreign affairs. “The president alone has the power to speak or listen as a representative of the nation…he alone negotiates…” Presidents must have “discretion and freedom” Expressed Article II Foreign Policy Powers Nominate Ambassadors (Senate confirms by majority vote) Receive Foreign Ambassadors Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces Negotiate Treaties or formal agreements between or among countries (Senate ratifies by 2/3rds vote) Trade Promotion Authority (Fast Track) NAFTA-North American Free Trade Agreement o USA, Canada, Mexico Chief Negotiator in trade policy Constitutional Authority Based on President’s Authority to Negotiate Treaties (Art II) and Congress’ Authority to Regulate Commerce and Impose Tariffs (Art I, Sec 8) o Thus, known as a congressional-executive agreement (agreement between our head of govt. and another countries head of govt.)
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