353practicequizzes - Chapter 1 1 The role of a theory in...

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Chapter 1: 1. The role of a theory in the scientific enterprise is to: aid in the interpretation of data and the generation of testable hypotheses. 2. Which of the following statements best summarizes the current status of the activity-passivity debate? Children are actively involved in creating the environments that will influence their growth and development. 3. If a measure yields consistent information over time and across observers, the measure is: reliable 4. Reginald studies children's moral reasoning by initially asking each participant the same questions. However, when participants provide different answers, he uses different kinds of follow-up probes to clarify their answers. Reginald's research method is: clinical method 5. Structured observations are useful for ensuring that every participant has an equal opportunity to perform the behavior of interest. 6. In order to understand the factors that might promote a superstar athletic status, Dr. Jockman carefully observes, tests, and conducts in-depth interviews with baseball player Barry Bonds, basketball player Shaquille O'Neil, and football player Tom Brady. Jockman was relying on __case study research __. 7. Suppose you randomly assign one group of children to watch the Discovery Channel and another comparable group of children to watch network television. Two months later, you assess their intellectual performance. The type of TV programming that children watch is your: IV 8. To compare the TV-viewing habits of 4th-, 6th-, and 8th- graders, Susan asks students from each grade to list their three favorite TV programs. This research design is an example of __cross-sectional research__. 9. An investigator who studies the development of aggression by selecting a sample of 2-year- olds and a sample of 4-year-olds and follows them for 5 years to see if they become any more or less aggressive is employing a __sequential__. 10. An investigator who studies ethnic differences in achievement by comparing the achievement motivation of African American, White, Hispanic, and Asian American fourth-graders is relying on a __ cross-cultural _ design. Chapter 2: 1. Freud suggested that the ego is the component of personality that: seeks realistic outlets for instinctual needs. 2. Freud believed that the Oedipus complex for males: facilitates masculine identity development, plays an important role in the formation of a boy's superego and facilitates masculine identity development, plays an important role in the formation of a boy's superego, occurs during the phallic stage
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3. Freud and Erikson would agree that: early experiences can affect the behavior of adults. 4. According to B.F. Skinner, the vast majority of our behaviors are freely emitted operants that are controlled by: external stimuli or events 5. Bandura's version of social-learning theory differs from other versions in that Bandura: thinks that most learning occurs without reinforcemen 6. Children should first be prepared to learn a great deal from social models
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353practicequizzes - Chapter 1 1 The role of a theory in...

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