Exam1Studyguide - Psych 477 - Key Terms for Exam 1 Intro...

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Psych 477 - Key Terms for Exam 1 Intro and Defining Psychopathology Prevalence of psychological disorders and treatment in children 1/5 U.S. children have mental health problems that significantly impair functioning 10-20% have at least one psychological disorder ¾ Children who require MH services DO NOT receive them History of mental health views and key historical figures early biological explanations for abnormal child behavior favored locating the cause of the problem within the individual, which sometimes led to simplistic or inaccurate beliefs Early psych approaches attempted to integrate basic knowledge of inborn processes with environmental conditions that shape behavior, emotions, and cognitions Defining psychological disorder Pattern of behavioral, cognitive, emotional, or physical symptoms shown by an individual Deviance from developmental norms Harmful dysfunction Pain and Suffering Frequency Severity: intensity Chronicity: how long has problem behavior been occurring? Pattern of Problem Behaviors: what other symptoms cluster with primary concern? Multiple situations; show trouble with both parents? Peers? Teachers? Gender Norms: Not used diagnostically but relevant for def; influence adult decisions Cultural Norms: different cultures vary in how deviant behavior is defined and responded to by people Psychoanalytic theory Freud; experiences play a role in psychopathology Personality and mental health outcomes had multiple roots Developmental psychopathology Integration of perspectives; tells you what the processes are An approach to describing and studying disorders of childhood, adolescence, and beyond in a manner that emphasizes the importance of developmental processes and tasks Behaviorism Pavlov’s classical conditioning Watson’s theory of emotions Families, communities, and societal/cultural values play a strong role in determining how successful current child-rearing philosophies are at benefiting children Adultmorphism View that childhood behavior disorders represent downward extensions of adult disorders 1
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Protective triad Individual opportunities, close family ties, and opportunities for individual and family support from community resources; connected to children’s resilience Gender differences in disorders Beginning to understand differences between boys and girls in the development and expression of psychopathology—research used to only be bases on boys Internalizing and externalizing problems Internalizing problems: include anxiety, depression, somatic complaints, and withdrawn behavior Externalizing problems: encompass more acting- out behaviors, such as aggression and delinquent behavior Theoretical Perspectives Medical model Etiology Study of causes of child psychopathology; considers how biological, psychological, and environmental processes interact to produce the outcomes that are observed overtime
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Exam1Studyguide - Psych 477 - Key Terms for Exam 1 Intro...

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