Practice+Second+Exam+with+Answer+Key - Communication 211...

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Communication 211 Evaluating and Communicating Information Second Midterm Examination (Topics 1-18) Second Midterm Exam RESEARCH REPORT: Improving Elementary School Education Introduction In recent years, local school districts and traditional public schools have taken serious initiatives to improve failing schools. For example, school districts are increasingly contracting with private, for- profit companies to provide a range of educational services to schools. To date there has been considerable debate about whether private, for-profit schools are as effective as public schools in successfully educating students. In order to evaluate this proposition, Edison Schools, a leading for- profit educational service company that operates several schools, commissions a study to assess whether the type of school administration affects the quality of education that elementary school students receive. They expect that this relationship should be strongest for students who have a low interest in school. Research Design Edison Schools contracts with the Research Institute of Oregon (RIO) to conduct a study of educational performance in its schools in the state. They select three cities in Oregon, where they manage elementary schools, in order to sample students and check on their progress. The three cities are Salem (population 15,000), Eugene (population 110,000), and Portland (population 1,200,000). Going back to 1997, the year that Edison Schools began managing some elementary schools in each city, RIO selected a random sample of schools that Edison runs, and, within each one, they drew a random sample of second grade classrooms. Within the selected classes, they chose a random start and then selected every fifth student in alphabetic order. For each sampled student, RIO assembled data on their educational accomplishment, which they measured by two standardized tests that previous research has shown to be well-validated. These tests were administered to all elementary school students in Oregon at the end of the school year. The Oregon Reading and Math Evaluation (ORME) is administered in grades 2 through 4, and the Oregon Math and Verbal Inventory (OMVI) is administered in grades 5 and 6. 1 The RIO researchers want to look at the test scores to see whether they increased during this period when Edison ran the schools. 2 In 2001, the final year of the study, the students remaining in the sample were administered a questionnaire that included a set of eight items designed to measure their interest in school. 3 Five of the items were used to form an Interest in School Scale, and the scale was divided into two categories, “High” and “Low” interest. The researchers expected to find that standardized test scores would increase in the Edison-run schools, and the increases would be greatest for those who had “Low” scores on the Interest in School Scale. 1
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2011 for the course COMM 211 taught by Professor Traubaut during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Practice+Second+Exam+with+Answer+Key - Communication 211...

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