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Lecture 14, Mon., 10-25-10

Lecture 14, Mon., 10-25-10 - Lecture 14 Mon Spielvogel...

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Lecture 14, Mon, 10-25-10 Spielvogel, Justinian, 201-204; ( Emergence of Islam/Arab expansion), pp.206-210 (Clovis, 189-190…Frankish Kingdom, 213-219, Chapter 8) . I. The Emergence of Islam ( submission to Allah) A. Mohammed ( 610) believed in one God (Allah) monotheistic faith B. Hegira ( 622) Mohammed left Mecca for Medina ( journey marks the start of the Islamic calendar as Year One). C. Qur’an ( Kora n) serves as both a code of ethics/guidelines by which to live as well as a code of law D. Mohammed succeeded in bringing both religious and political unity to the Arab peoples including city/town residents and Beduoin tribes in the desert. E. Islam- Arab expansionism- Syria, Egypt, No. Africa, Persia & Iraq, Spain F. Cordoba (Moorish capital) and Toledo –centers of scholarship ( 10-25-10) (732) Charles Martel (Frankish Mayor of the Palace) halted the advance of Arabs from Spain into w. Europe Battle of Tours (aka Poitiers) 732 Arab attempts to invade Constantinople failed…. Cordoba served as the Moorish capital of Spain; Damascus, Syria, Baghdad (Iraq) II. Frankish Kingdom – Merovingians & Carolingians A. Clovis
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