Lecture 16, Fri., 10-29-10

Lecture 16, Fri., 10-29-10 - Lecture 16, Fri., 10-29-10...

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Lecture 16, Fri., 10-29-10 Chapter 9, pp. 259-262-Guilds and universities Chapter 10, Crusades, 294-300; Nation-States, 271-278 I. Crusades A. Background: Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenus struggled to keep his empire intact- Seljuk Turks conquered Syria, Lebanon, Palestine… B. Normans attacked Greece ( driven back) Byzantine military exhausted C. Alexius petitioned Pope Urban II for help to regain lost territories- portrayed the Turks negatively (i.e. charged Christian pilgrims were not treated well by the Turks ( who practiced Islam) D. Alexius phrased his request with a religious motive since the Eastern and Western churches separated back in 1054 over a number of issues including easterners refusal to acknowledge the Roman Pope as supreme head of the Christian Church – schism: Roman Catholicism & Eastern Orthodoxy E. Urban II viewed Alexius’ request for western assistance as an opportunity for the church to reunite. .called for volunteers for a Crusade;he offered an indulgence ( if you are killed in battle your sins are forgiven & you can go
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2011 for the course HIST 100 taught by Professor Carbine during the Fall '10 term at Loyola Chicago.

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Lecture 16, Fri., 10-29-10 - Lecture 16, Fri., 10-29-10...

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