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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 17, Mon., 11-1-10 Spielvogel, Chapter 10, 271-278 (Nation States) I. Emergence of Nation-States in Europe: England A. nation-state-recognized territorial boundaries, central authority, govt. institutions/bureaucracy, legal system B. Alfred The Great (871-899) Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex survived Danish invasion ( 6 other A-S kingdoms fell) C. Danes were driven out but made a return under Canute (1016) D. Anglo-Saxons returned to power once again- Edward The Confessor (1035-1065) E. 1066 A-S witan (council of nobles) elected Harold Godwinson king F. Harald Hardrada (Scandinavian) challenged Harold & lost G. Duke William of Normandy (French feudal lord & cousin to Edward the Confessor) challenged Harold; Harold lost Battle of Hastings H. William, The Conqueror (1066-1087) began the process of creating a strong nation-state: demanded oath of loyalty from A-S nobles Salisbury Oath Wm. made it clear nobles held their estates as fiefs from Crown ; eliminated the A-S witan & replaced it with Curia Regis (court of the king) all his Norman vassals; merely an advisory body...
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- Fall '10