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Unformatted text preview: 40 Introduction to Optical Networks of the early undersea optical fiber transmission systems. See also [KM98] for a more recent overview. Experiments reporting more than 1 Tb/s transmission over a single fiber were first reported at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference in 1996, and the numbers are being improved upon constantly. See, for example, [CT98, Ona96, Gna96, Mor96, Yan96]. Related work has focused on (1) transmitting terabits-per- second aggregate traffic across transoceanic distances with individual channel data rates at 10 or 20 Gb/s [Cai01, Bak01, VPM01], or 40 Gb/s channel rates over shorter distances [Zhu01], or (2) obtaining over 10 Tb/s transmission capacity using 40 Gb/s channel rates over a few hundred kilometers [Fuk01, Big01]. The rate of network traffic growth has been reported by a number of sources over the years. A Web site that has estimates as well as references to other sources is the Minnesota Internet Traffic Studies (MINTS), which can be found at www.dtc.umn.edu/mints/. Finally, we did not cover standards in this chapter but we will do so in Chapters 6, 8, and 9. The various standards bodies working on optical networking include the In- ternational Telecommunications Union (ITU), the American National Standards In- stitute (ANSI), the Optical Internetworking Forum (OIF), Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and Telcordia Technologies. Appendix C provides a list of relevant standards documents. References [ACHG + 08] R. Alferness, C. Chang-Hasnain, C. Giallorenzi, D. Keck, and A. Willner, editors. IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology: Special Issue on Celebrating 25 Years of the IEEE/OSA , volume 26, May 2008. [Agr95] G. P. Agrawal. Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd edition. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1995. [Agr97] G. P. Agrawal. Fiber-Optic Communication Systems . John Wiley, New York, 1997. [AKW00] R. C. Alferness, H. Kogelnik, and T. H. Wood. The evolution of optical systems: Optics everywhere. Bell Labs Technical Journal , 5(1):188202, Jan.Mar. 2000....
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This note was uploaded on 01/15/2011 for the course ECE 6543 taught by Professor Boussert during the Spring '09 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.
- Spring '09