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Unformatted text preview: POLS 1101
EXAM II STUDY GUIDE Note: Exam II will lean heavily toward congressional and presidential details with only a few
questions devoted to the judiciary. Also, not every single concept and idea can be included on
the exam, so play it safe and make yourself at least somewhat familiar with most of the material! I. II. III. IV. The Legislative Branch (in general)
a. Consider the type of relationship Congress has with the president
i. Recall the P-A relationship from earlier lectures
ii. Congress delegates power to the president
iii. Does the president always do what Congress wants him to do?
b. What are the Burkean models of representation?
i. Not in textbook; review PowerPoint slides.
c. Is it easier or more difficult to kill a bill in Congress? i. What are a bill’s prospects like in the Senate compared to the
House? d. How has Congress changed over the course of history and in response to
the forces of nationalization? i. E.g., sharing of power (with whom?); division of
labor/specialization (using what internal structures?);
organization/parties. ii. How has the power of the various leadership positions changed?
The speakership? Committee chairs? e. What is the path of legislation in Congress, from introduction to
ratification? (see p. 293 in the textbook) f. What is the leadership structure like in each chamber, both constitutional
and “non-constitutional”? The US. Senate
a. What is the defining characteristic of the Senate (esp. compared to the
very rule-based structure of the House)?
b. Know some of the ways in which the Senate can stall the legislative
i. How can endless debates (name?) be brought to an end?
ii. What sorts of “agreements” are used to agree to particular
legislative rules? The US. House of Representatives
a. Familiarize yourself with Article 1, section 7, of the US. Constitution.
b. What are some of the unique rules in the House concerning
amendments to bills?
i. What sorts of amendments can be attached to bills? Electoral Issues a. Be able to recognize the difference between candidate- and party-
centered voting. b. What tends to happen to the partisan composition of government
(Senate, House, and Presidency) when voters focus on candidate- rather
than party-centered voting? c. What does “incumbency” mean? i. What are its characteristics and advantages? ii. How might members of Congress use federal funds to please their
d. During the 19th century, how were political friends rewarded following a
successful campaign? V. The Executive Branch
a. Think about how power is defined (or perhaps not defined) in the U.S.
i. What “non-constitutional” powers have presidents cultivated
throughout the course of history?
ii. What are the various “chief” positions assumed by modern
iii. What sort of role did presidents fulfill during the 19th century?
b. How do presidents attempt to influence the public?
c. What is the Executive Office of the President?
i. What are its components (agencies, people)? VI. The Judiciary
a. Know the basics of the Marbury v. Madison (1803) decision.
b. Know the basics of the McCulloch v. Ma/y/and (1819) decision.
c. How did the Court tend to address property rights throughout the 19th
d. In terms of policy area, how did the Court’s focus change by the mid-
twentieth century? ...
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- Fall '08
- i., President of the United States, United States Congress, United States House of Representatives