Feb 22 - Chapter 9 China(reforms and communism When we last talked the emperor tried to reform to strengthen china itself o Moder post office

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Chapter 9 China (reforms and communism) When we last talked, the emperor tried to reform to strengthen china itself o Moder post office, industrialization, constitution, education, military o The empress dowager stepped in and put the emperor under house arrest. She had her palace guardes arrest reformers and execute them ( some escaped to japan) o The boxer rebellion followed; a catastrphoic disaster for china. Civil service exams were not to be held for five years The biggest was the indemnity, that china had to pay. It lasted until the 1940’s. It wasn’t until the boxer rebellion that the empress dowager and conservatives at court finally recognized that modernization was absolutely necessary for china to remain independent Empress dowager tried for reform at last. o Education, Young men had learned the Chinese classics, but were now required to also learn mathematics. And western studies. o Abolishion of the civil service exam in 1905. The manchus had adopted the civil service exam and Confucianism in order to seem more Chinese This was revolutionary because it shaped the identity of Chinese. This also eliminated the tradtitional means to socially advance o In 1906 she sent a number of students abroad Britain, japan, germany To study constitutional governement. The timing was right when the Japanese had their victory. The Chinese believed one of the reasons that Japan was able to win was because of its constitutional type of governemtn. The empress dowager supported the Japanese model. Ministry of finance, education, etc were created. She dissolved the old boards. That predated the Qing dynasty o 1908 Empress promised a constitution by 1917 this promise was something that was a apart of a Qing effort to late Manchu effort to restore its fortune, setrengthen the country and keep imperial rule going o The opening of provinciall provisional assemblies They were elected from a narrow group of people, and only a few people could vote o The constitution, abolishion of the civil service exam. Etc. were revolutionary steps o These last resort efforts were seen as a little too much, and a little too late There was a movement to create a sound democratic governement. These were seen by these people as strengthening the courts… but these people wanted them removed. Had the Manchu had instated these reforms back in the 1880s, they might have been successful in creating a modern monarchy. Revolutionary opposition to manhcu rule and imperial rule in the 1890s (when China was defeated by Japan, and the boxer rebellion broke out)
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Revolutionary movment: Leader: Sun Yat-sen o Christian convert, he lived in both Hawaii and Hong Kong. Studied medicine in TOkyo Sun Yat-sen was able to gather resources to travel and spread the word o 1905 he established the revolutionary alliance; it was of Chinese students who were studying in Japan Many of these students had become very progressive and very anti-Manchu. Thanks to the funds that Sun collected, he was able to spread these branches
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2011 for the course HS HS 1710 taught by Professor Hdl during the Winter '10 term at Wayne State University.

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Feb 22 - Chapter 9 China(reforms and communism When we last talked the emperor tried to reform to strengthen china itself o Moder post office

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