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Korea - February 17th - Korea Korea went from being a...

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Korea Korea went from being a hermit dynasty, they had an emperor/king. Korea was situated in China’s tributary system o They sent tribute to china’s court. They were the most important part of China’s tributary system o Korea had borrowed significant amounts from China in centurys before. Writing, religious ideas, confusciansism, Chinese exam system. o Every new Korean king made a gift unto the Chinese court to be recognized as the new King. Korea was forcefully opened and made a Japanese Colony all in about 50 years. Historians have wondered how it happened so quickly. There was much factionalism. o Korean society was class oriented, and there was fighting between classes, the class status was hereditary. o Different Yangban groups were the ones that did the majority of the fighting. o Korea was divided up into provinces, and the Yangban taught their own version of Confucianism in the schools in their provinces. o The fighting was over the different beliefs of Yangban groups, not just arguments about Confucianism, but these different factions assassinated and threatened rival factions The also became quite involved in corruption. they were more interested in getting a voice in the courts than governing their own province Korea adopted the confuscian exam system from China, in China it was open to all, and was a way to advance socially. But in Korea it was more restricted, it had more to do with birthright. There were the administrative elite; Yangban o Social, cultural elite Peasents, artisants, and merchants came next out of the legitimate classes o Slaves were also classified. If ones mother was a slave, the child would be a slave Parents often sold a child into slavery for economic reasons One could sell themselves into slavery The economy was overwhelmingly agricultural Korea was very much wrapped into the Chinese tribute system, the factions of Yangban themselves didn’t dispute the relation with China. o The factions universally agreed the Koreans should not be in contact with any other country There was tremendous fear animosity and hatred of outsiders. This characterized Korea’s foreign relations. They were very xenophobic. o Korea and Japan had had relations several times throughout documented history. In the 16 th century Hideyoshi invaded Korea twice, which made them hesitant about foreign relations o The Koreans were also afraid of westerners. They fired upon them at sea o Koreans did let in a group of catholic missionaries into the country, and they were treated hostily. Catholics and their converts were ofted persecuted and assassinated.
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The Catholics stayed because they had support from some elites. The elites saw the catholics as an advantage they could use to influence politics.
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