March 24 - March 24 The Japanese had been at war since 1937...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
March 24 The Japanese had been at war since 1937 The Japanese were taught that if Americans were to ever occupy Japan, they would be very savage. There was also a feeling of relieve, 2.5 million Japanese had died during the war. With respect to the relief, many Japanese believed things would not get any worse o US attacks left 70 Japanese cities destroyed. The only city that remained was Kyoto, which was the historical capital of Japan. o Estimates say that some 40% of Japanese were homeless. o For those homeless, many of them found shelter in shanty towns, makeshift towns made of plywood etc. o Many Japanese slept under bridges, and in bombed out buildings. o Housing was not the only problem, they were also very short on food production, the industrial portion of the economy was basically at a standstill. Food production was down about 25%, in part because there was no access to fertilizer. People were very malnourished. o Black markets popped up all over the country. The black markets themselves were run by the criminal syndicate in Japan, the Yakusa. The prices of goods were very high on the black market. People without money had to trade clothes and other things. The first US forces landed in September 1945, about 3 weeks after the war had ended. o The postdam declaration implied an allied occupation of Japan. One of the very first steps that the US took was to appoint General Douglas McCarther as SCAP. o SCAP Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers o This did not end up being an allied occupation at all. It was nearly entirely American ran. There were 2 commities with allied members, but neither committee really had influence of what policies were made. When the Americans first arrived, one of the first things they addressed was food shortage, there was a possibility of famine. McCarther wanted the US to step forward, and they did. The food aid went a long way to ease Japanese concerns about if the US would be a friendly conquerer. The Japanese were very thankful for the food aid that they received. The US wanted to show they were friendly but at the same time, they were still occupying Japan with soldiers. The US forced Japanese leaders to sign surrender documents. The United States wanted to humanize the emperor. o All power was placed upon the emperor in the old constitution, he was viewed as a god. o
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/16/2011 for the course HS HS 1710 taught by Professor Hdl during the Winter '10 term at Wayne State University.

Page1 / 5

March 24 - March 24 The Japanese had been at war since 1937...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online