SOC372_3 - The Gender of Sexuality-pages 176-184 sexual...

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The Gender of Sexuality—pages 176-184 sexual assault of women is by and large a constant across many cultures across time—even though historically it didn't exist in some cultures, such as Polynesia victims of sexual assault are not always willing providers of data because of the stigma and self- doubt associated with the crime sexual assault is not randomly distributed—overwhelmingly, it involves men victimizing women from an essentalist view, sexual assault is a consequence of men's predatory nature from a constructionist view, it is a consequence of the social permission men have to dominate women and their need to reinforce their status the fear of sexual assault causes many women to be scared of walking alone at night, even in statistically safe areas the feminist movement is largely responsible for consciousness regarding the sexual assault of women feminists Catherine MacKinnon and Andrea Dworkin have worked to eliminate pornography, to increase awareness of how certain cultural images and practices foster violent attitudes, and to reduce misogynistic violence toward women MacKinnon and Dworkin emphasize women as victims and take issue with attitudes that are often viewed as antagonistic to sexuality the feminist movement originally battled the status quo (or patriarchy )= a system of power relations in which men hold power at the expense of women feminists noticed that sexual liberation tended to maintain male sexual and social dominance sexual assault is more tolerated when women of color and poorer women are victims there is a dilemma as to where to draw the line between seduction and coercion when “emotional abuse” is included in the definition of sexual crime, the door is open for a range of interpretations. Emotional abuse = a real and damaging method of coercion that involves systematic humiliation, badgering, and control of one person by another free-speech feminists take issue with the continued identification of women as victims with little power or individual responsibility in social interactions that involve sex and gender free-speech feminism has been concerned with specific issues such as censorship or pornography and social trends that involve casting women as perpetual victims feminists such as Katie Roiphe began to wonder publicly whether some of the sexual assault and date rape reports weren't distorted, especially those that used very broad definnitions of emotional abuse Roiphe said that widely publicized claims of cultural, sexist oppression by middle-class, privileged white women diluted the claims of the most severely victimized women the skepticism of free-speech feminists has polarized feminist communities—feminist writers and activists found themselves in the off position of battling one another rather than advancing feminist causes the mytho-poetic movement , led by Robert Bly, resented the suggestion that masculine sexuality is
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SOC372_3 - The Gender of Sexuality-pages 176-184 sexual...

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