Ch15IM - 263 Chapter 15 Corporate Nonliquidating...

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© 2009 CCH. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 15 263 Chapter 15 Corporate Nonliquidating Distributions SUMMARY OF CHAPTER This chapter focuses on corporate nonliquidating distributions. The tax status of these distributions determines whether the shareholders and/or the corporation have income, as well as the type of income. The tax status of the distributions depends upon what was distributed, when it was distributed, and the surrounding circumstances of the distributions. Distributions with Respect to Stock ¶15,001 Dividend Distributions The tax status of cash or property distributions depends upon the distributing corporation’s earnings and pro f ts (E&P). A distribution is considered to be a dividend to the extent of the corporation’s current and accumulated E&P. Distributions f rst come out of current E&P and then accumulated E&P. Distributions in excess of E&P are returns of capital that reduce the shareholder’s basis in the stock. Once basis is reduced to zero, then any excess is treated as gain on the sale of the stock. ¶15,011 Earnings and Pro f ts (E&P) E&P is not de f ned in the Internal Revenue Code. However, Code Sec. 312 provides a list of how certain transactions affect E&P. A new corporation begins with no E&P. Current E&P is computed annually. Each year it is added to accumulated E&P. However, it f rst is reduced by distributions made during the year. A negative current E&P would reduce accumulated E&P. Also, distributions in excess of current E&P reduce accumulated E&P by such excess. Finally, distributions can never make E&P negative; they can only reduce it to zero. Current E&P is computed annually. A series of adjustments are made to the corporation’s taxable income to determine current E&P. These adjustments can be broadly classi f ed as: Items that are excluded from both taxable income and E&P (e.g., contributions to capital). a. Items that are not deductible, but that reduce E&P (e.g., federal income taxes). b. Items that are exempt from income, but that increase E&P (e.g., tax-exempt municipal bond interest). c. Items that are deductible for taxable income, but not from E&P (e.g., capital loss carryovers). d. Items that are deferred to later tax years, but that increase E&P (e.g., deferred gain on installment sale). e. Distributions are deemed to be made from current E&P f rst and then from accumulated E&P since March 1, 1913. Several possible situations arise. Current E&P is positive and the distributions are less than current E&P. All distributions are taxable as (1) dividends, even if accumulated E&P is negative. Current and accumulated E&P are positive. The distributions are greater than current E&P but not greater (2) than the sum of current and accumulated E&P. Current E&P is allocated to each distribution as follows: Current E&P Total Distributions = Percent of each distribution out of current E&P All distributions are taxable as dividends.
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2011 for the course MBA AC553 taught by Professor Johnson during the Summer '10 term at DeVry Arlington.

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Ch15IM - 263 Chapter 15 Corporate Nonliquidating...

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