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Unformatted text preview: patible with viability at anyone moment. Bacteria vary due to lateral gene transfer which is the uptake of DNA from the surround-ings(from dead cells) or other bacteria, by a form of copulation known as bacterial conjugation(lane). There is a transfer of genes between different species, genera, and domains which means bacteria do not pass on a consistent core of genes like vertical inheritance in hu-mans. Even though the transfer of genes varies the redundant genes are not all entirely lost and when the conditions change again they can pass them around the population by lateral gene transfer. One protruding question of bacteria is how have they remained simple organisms for billions of years. One answer is energetic constraints which limit bacteria to a geometric form. Limiting energy constraints ensures the bacteria will keep its simple structure of a cell wall, ATP synthesis and its other essential functions for life....
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