Speaking of Sexuality - Ch 4 The social organization of sexuality Sociocultural processes play a fundamental role in determining what we perceive to

Speaking of Sexuality - Ch 4 The social organization of...

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Ch 4: The social organization of sexualitySociocultural processes play a fundamental role in determining what we perceive to be “sexual” and how we construct and interpret our sexual fantasies and thoughts “Scripting Theory”= script what people's sexual conduct will be in given situations“Choice Theory”= the idea that people differ in the importance that they give to their various goals and they therefore have very different methods of sexual decision making most people change partners relatively infrequently, choosing instead to remain in long-term, sexually exclusive relationships“marriage squeeze”= when middle aged and older women lose out to younger women in the competition for an insufficient number of eligible menthe sexual partnership or “dyad”= that sexual activity is fundamentally social in that it involves two or more persons either explicitly or implicitly (ie: sexual fantasies, masturbation)sexual relationships occur more frequently between people with the same or similar characteristicssexually active adolescents tend to have friends who are also sexually activethe bulk of sexuality research to date has been based on the assumption that sexuality is innate, while the idea that sexuality is socially created has only recently been emphasized in the research arenain 1977 the national gay task force declared that ten percent of the us population was gay—a 1991 survey said that only one percent of men were gay (ie: there have been massive disputes, researchers disagree)Sigmund Freud was convinced that the normal path to sexual maturity lay in heterosexuality, yet he assumed that everyone had to repress a variety of other sexual desires in order to achieve this, and he was tolerant of those who took a different pathFreud's contemporary Havelock Ellis went a step further by describing sexual variety itself as part of the natural order of things-->he thought scientific “sexology”would liberate individuals from the constraints of a repressive social system During the 20thcentury, experts followed in the footsteps of Freud and Ellis and espoused increasingly liberal views on sexualityChapter 9: Current Religious Doctrines of Sexual and Erotic Development in ChildhoodErotic development of children in various contemporary cultures: The child – phases of psychosexual development which occur between infancy and after puberty when the individual is socially recognized as a mature adultNormative religious doctrines – religious attitudes, doctrines, and values endorsed by a culture, society and parents are a central factor in the psychosexual development of the childThe dearth and derivative character of childhood sexual ethics – childhood sexuality is seldom mentioned, let alone discussed in any detail, in religious studies and secular histories of sexuality, whatever is said about childhood sexuality in religious doctrines is subordinate to adult beliefs and values which focus on marriage.

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