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Characteristics of Developmental Periods

Characteristics of Developmental Periods - 1 CheckPoint...

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1 CheckPoint CheckPoint: Characteristics of Developmental Periods Angela Peebles AED/202 November 19, 2010 Terry Houlton
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2 CheckPoint Developmental periods make it more manageable by dividing the developmental journey into specific time periods (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2004). Infancy (Birth-2 years): A time during which basic human traits and emotional bonds to another human being, non- verbal communication, and language expression, motor exploration of the physical environment, and a systematic approaches to learning about people, places, and things (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2004). Distinguishing Characteristics: Completely dependent on others. Equipped with an arsenal of skills that gain comfort and stimulation from caregivers; a distinctive cry, physical reflexes, an attractive smile, and a brain alert to both novelty and sameness. The caregiver responds warmly and consistently, and an attachment grows. This security nourishes infants’ desire to learn. Infants want to know everything: what keys taste like, what older family members do in the kitchen, what lurks on the other side of an electrical outlet, what happens when they drop their bowl of peas, and how other children respond when they pull their hair. Infants’ growing facility with language builds on interests in concrete things; the sensation of warm water in the bathtub, the bounce of the ball, a parent’s laughter. Intellectual curiosity also fuels babies’ drive to use physical skills—they reach, crawl,
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3 CheckPoint and climb to get objects they desire. The urge to explore coincides with a budding sense of mastery (“I can do it!”) and a sense of independence (“ I can do it!”). Physical development is accompanied by emotional reactions that guide behavior, such as a legitimate fear of heights and uneasiness in the presence of strangers (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2004). Early Childhood (2 -6 years): Early childhood is a period of incredible creativity, fantasy, wonder, and play.
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