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Melvina Carter 1 Chapter 1 1. What must you have to be considered a group? A group is three or more people working together independently on an agreed-upon activity or goal. They identify themselves as members of the group, and they develop structure and roles, based on norms and rules, as they interact and work toward their goal. 3 or more individuals; interdependent; has a group identity, a group goal and group structure. PowerPoint Basics of Group Communication Group - 3 or more members (3-7 in general -5 ideal) - Interdependence – how to rely on others; have to rely on others to do their part - Group identity – motivation/ target/ collection identity; collective identity gives higher standards – think of movie Miracle where players had to become a collective identity and say USA versus their individual teams. - Group goal – purpose that drives you (family) ; even a family has group goals – support, love, health) - Group structure – rules/ norms/ roles ; roles versus rule – changes; topic, people shift roles 2. What are the types of groups based on needs they fulfill? Deliberate formed groups- someone decides that a collection of individuals should accomplish a purpose or goal. Group member selection is key to its success. Short-term groups prefer a balance favoring technical skills to relational skills. Long-term groups may initially favor a balance toward personal and relational skills. Spontaneous formed groups favor relational over task skills. Examples: work groups, most problem solving or decision-making groups (city councils) and social action groups (Mothers against drunk driving). Spontaneous interaction groups - Individuals come together in these groups because of the satisfaction they expect to gain from associating with one another. Group membership is by mutual consent; each member wants to be and is accepted in the group, membership is also based on attraction. Spontaneously formed groups favor relational over task skills. Example : a group of friends at work.
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Melvina Carter 2 Needs groups fulfill- Relational (inclusion and affection) Task- (control and problem solving) PowerPoint - Relational - ex. – Support group – bible study (inclusion and affection) - Task - ex. – Work – board meetings (control and problem solving) Most groups fall somewhere on the continuum. 3. What are the elements of the bona fide group perspective? Bona fide group perspective - Groups have permeable and fluid boundaries; are interdependent with their context; are influenced by the time and space of their interactions. A bone fide group perspective focuses our attention on the reciprocities among group boundaries- group process- multiple contexts . Group boundaries are generally stable, but also permeable and fluid when group members are replaced, exchanged, added, or removed. This perspective acknowledges that a group is not a distinct entity within an environment, but is connected to or embedded in other groups in a fluid social context. The perspective highlights the ways in which groups are
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