Assignment 4 Solutions.
Problem 1:
(a). The maximum price that Hertz should be willing to pay for the fleet of
cars with
all-equity funding is the price that makes the NPV of the transaction
equal to zero.
NPV
= -Purchase Price + PV[(1- T
C
)(Earnings Before Taxes
and Depreciation)] + PV(CCA Tax Shield)
Let P equal the purchase price of the fleet.
NPV
=
-P + (1-0.40)($300,000)A
5
0.10
+ PVCCATS
1
0.50(
)
[
][
]
1
0.40 0.25
1
0.50(0.10)
[
][
]
0.2727
0.25
0.10
1
0.10
InvestmentxTaxRatexCCA
DiscountRate
PVCCATS
CCA
DiscountRate
DiscountRate
Px
x
P
+
=
+
+
+
=
=
+
+
Set the NPV equal to zero.
0
=
-P + (1-0.40)($300,000)A
5
0.10
+ 0.2727P
0.7273P= $682,341.62
P= $938,184.55
Therefore, the most that Hertz should be willing to pay for
the fleet of cars with all-equity funding is $938,184.55.
(b).
The adjusted present value (APV) of a project equals the net
present value of the project if it were funded completely by
equity plus the net present value of any financing side effects.
In Hertz’s case, the NPV of financing side effects equals the
after-tax present value of the cash flows resulting from the
firm’s debt.
APV = NPV(All-Equity) + NPV(Financing Side Effects)

This
** preview**
has intentionally

**sections.**

*blurred***to view the full version.**

*Sign up*
NPV(All-Equity)
NPV
=
-Purchase Price + PV[(1- T
C
)(Earnings Before Taxes
and Depreciation)] + PV(CCATS)
Hertz paid $975,000 for the fleet of cars.
1
0.50(
)
[
][
]
1
975,000 0.40 0.25
1
0.50(0.10)
[
][
]
$265,909.09
0.25
0.10
1
0.10
InvestmentxTaxRatexCCA
DiscountRate
PVCCATS
CCA
DiscountRate
DiscountRate
x
x
+
=
+
+
+
=
=
+
+
NPV =
-$975,000 + (1- 0.4)($300,000)A
5
0.10
+ 265,909.09
= -975,000 + 682,341.62+265,909.09
=
-$26,749.29
NPV(Financing Side Effects)
The net present value of financing side effects equals the after-
tax present value of cash flows resulting from the firm’s debt.
NPV(Financing Side Effects)
= Proceeds – After-Tax
PV(Interest Payments) – PV(Principal Payments)
Given a known level of debt, debt cash flows should be
discounted at the pre-tax cost of debt (r
B
), 8%.
NPV(Financing Side Effects)
= $600,000 – (1 –
0.40)(0.08)($600,000)A
5
0.08
– [$600,000/(1.08)
5
]
= $600,000 – 114,990.05 – 408,349.92
= 76,660.03
APV
APV
= NPV(All-Equity) + NPV(Financing Side Effects)
= -$26,749.29+ $76,660.03
=
$ 49,910.74