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1/5Art and Architecture of the Achaemenid EmpireThe Achaemenid Empire was known for its eclectic style of art andarchitecture synthesized from many foreign in±uences between 550and 330 BCE.Learning ObjectivesDiscuss Achaemenid art and architecture in the Persian EmpireKey TakeawaysKey PointsThe Achaemenid Empire stretched across western Asia from theIndus Valley in the east to Thrace and Macedon in the west.The quintessential characteristic of Persian art and architecture isits eclectic nature, combining elements of Median, Assyrian, andAsiatic Greek styles .The Achaemenid Persians were particularly skilled at constructingcomplex frieze reliefs , crafting precious metals, and glazed brickmasonry. They also constructed spectacular cities for governanceand habitation, temples for worship and social gatherings, andmausoleums honoring fallen kings.The ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire was Persepolis,which preserves the best of ancient Persian architecture. It is bestknown for its pillared Apadana Hall, decorated with complexsculptural reliefs depicting the king and his subjects.The palace at Persepolis stood for nearly 200 years until it waslooted and burned by the armies of Alexander the Great in 330 BCE.Key TermsUnknown dateUnknown authorPersia
4/27/2020Persia | Boundless Art History2/5hypostyle:Having a roof supported on a row of columns.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Ming
Tags
Achaemenid Empire, Darius I of Persia

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