Assyria _ Boundless Art History.pdf - Unknown date Unknown...

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1/9The Assyrian CultureThe Assyrian and Neo-Assyrian capitals of Nimrud, Dur-Sharrukin,and Nineveh are known today for their ruins of great palaces andforti±cations.Learning ObjectivesDescribe the key aspects of the Assyrian capitals of Nimrud, Dur-Sharrukin, and NinevehKey TakeawaysKey PointsNimrud, also known as Kalhu, was the Assyrian capital from thethirteenth century BCE until 706 BCE. Ashurnasirpal II made thecity famous when he built a large palace and temples on top ofancient ruins c. 880 BCE.Dur-Sharrukin was a single-period site; therefore, few individualobjects were found. The primary discoveries shed light on Assyrianart and architecture.Nineveh, the capital of the Neo-Assyrian Empire , rose togreatness under Sennacherib . He laid out new streets and squaresand built within it the famous “palace without a rival”, the plan ofwhich has been mostly recovered.Key TermsObelisk:A tall, square, tapered, stone monolith topped with apyramidal point, frequently used as a monument.Unknown dateUnknown authorAssyria
4/27/2020Assyria | Boundless Art History2/9ziggurat:A temple tower of the ancient Mesopotamian valley,having the form of a terraced pyramid of successively recedingstories.Nimrud and Ashurnasirpal IINimrud is an ancient Assyrian city located in southern, modern Iraq onthe River Tigris. In ancient times the city was called Kalhu. The ruins ofthe city are found some 30 kilometers (19 miles) southeast of Mosul.The Assyrian king Shalmaneser I made Nimrud, which existed forabout a thousand years, the capital in the thirteenth century BCE. Thecity gained fame when king Ashurnasirpal II of Assyria (c. 880 BCE)built a large palace and temples on the site of an earlier city that hadlong fallen into ruins. Nimrud housed as many as 100,000 inhabitantsand contained botanic gardens and a zoologic garden. Ashurnasirpal’sson, Shalmaneser III (858–824 BCE), built the monument known asthe Great Ziggurat and an associated temple. The palace, restored as asite museum, is one of only two preserved Assyrian palaces in theworld. The other is Sennacherib’s palace at Nineveh. Nimrud remainedthe Assyrian capital until 706 BCE when Sargon II moved the capital to

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Assyria, Boundless Art History

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