The Paleolithic Period _ Boundless Art History.pdf -...

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1/21Paleolithic ArchitectureThe oldest examples of Paleolithic dwellings are shelters in caves,followed by houses of wood, straw, and rock.Learning ObjectivesDescribe Paleolithic dwellings and sheltersKey TakeawaysKey PointsEarly humans chose locations that could be defended againstpredators and rivals and that were shielded from inclementweather.Weather, water, and time have destroyed the majority ofcampsites; our understanding of Paleolithic dwellings is thereforelimited.Caves are the most famous example of Paleolithic shelters.Key TermsConvert AlmostOver 30 File FoAdezconvertor.comUnknown datePrehistoric ArtThe Paleolithic Period
4/28/2020The Paleolithic Period | Boundless Art History2/21Mammoth:Alarge, hairy, extinct elephant-like mammal of thetaxonomic genus Mammuthus.Hut:A small wooden shed, a primitive temporary dwelling.Paleolithic:Early stage of the Stone Age, when primitive stonetools were used.The Paleolithic Age, or Old Stone Age, spanned from around 30,000BCE until 10,000 BCE and produced the ±rst accomplishments inhuman creativity. Due to a lack of written records from this timeperiod, nearly all of our knowledge of Paleolithic human culture andway of life comes from archaeologic and ethnographic comparisons tomodern hunter-gatherer cultures. The Paleolithic lasted until theretreat of the ice, when farming and use of metals were adopted.Paleolithic SocietiesA typical Paleolithic society followed a hunter-gatherer economy.Humans hunted wild animals for meat and gathered food, ±rewood,and materials for their tools, clothes, or shelters. The adoption of bothtechnologies—clothing and shelter—cannot be dated exactly, but theywere key to humanity’s progress. As the Paleolithic era progressed,dwellings became more sophisticated, more elaborate, and morehouse-like. At the end of the Paleolithic era, humans began to produceworks of art such as cave paintings, rock art, and jewelry, and began toengage in religious behavior such as burial and rituals .Dwellings and SheltersEarly men chose locations that could be defended against predators andrivals and that were shielded from inclement weather. Many suchlocations could be found near rivers, lakes, and streams, perhaps withlow hilltops nearby that could serve as refuges. Since water can erodeand change landscapes quite drastically, many of these campsites havebeen destroyed. Our understanding of Paleolithic dwellings is thereforelimited.As early as 380,000 BCE, humans were constructing temporary woodhuts . Other types of houses existed; these were more frequentlycampsites in caves or in the open air with little in the way of formal
4/28/2020The Paleolithic Period | Boundless Art History3/21structure. The oldest examples are shelters within caves, followed by

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