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CC6_26_Test_Bank

CC6_26_Test_Bank - Biology:,6e(Campbell Chapter26...

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Biology: Concepts and Connections, 6e (Campbell) Chapter 26 Hormones and the Endocrine System Multiple - Choice Questions 1) Hormones are chemicals produced by the endocrine system that  A) control the formation of urine.  B) regulate a variety of body functions, such as metabolism.  C) are stimulated by the action of metabolic enzymes.  D) play a role in digestion of fats.  E) function to prevent a variety of diseases, such as diabetes.  Answer:  B  Topic:  Opening Essay  Skill:  Factual Recall 2) How are hormones distributed to tissues, and what determines which cells hormones will affect?  A) They are carried throughout the body in the bloodstream, and each hormone affects target cells responsive to it.  B) They are carried to specific organs by lymphatic vessels and affect the cells in those organs.  C) They are carried to specific organs by ducts and affect the cells in those organs.  D) They are delivered by neurosecretory cells to specific tissues and cells, which are affected.  E) They are distributed locally in the interstitial fluid and affect nearby responsive target cells.  Answer:  A  Topic:  26.1  Skill:  Conceptual Understanding 3) Compared to the endocrine system, the nervous system  A) has a faster response, but the signal does not last as long.  B) has a slower response and a signal that does not last as long.  C) has a faster response with a longer - lasting signal.  D) has a slower response with a longer - lasting signal.  E) has a slower response, but a signal that lasts roughly the same amount of time.  Answer:  A  Topic:  26.1  Skill:  Conceptual Understanding 4) Chemical signals secreted into the interstitial fluid that only affect target cells near the secretory cell are called  1
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Topic:  26.1  Skill:  Factual Recall 5) Neurosecretory cells  Topic:  26.1  Skill:  Factual Recall  6) Nonsteroid hormones are synthesized from  A) amino acids.  B) cholesterol.  C) nucleic acids.  D) carbohydrates.  E) long - chain fatty acids.  Answer:  A  Topic:  26.2  Skill:  Factual Recall
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