Chapter 12 - Chapter 12 I. Defining Psychological...

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Chapter 12 I. Defining Psychological Disorders: Mental processes and/or behavior patterns that cause emotional stress and/or substantial impairment in functioning a. What is Abnormal Behavior i. Depends on culture, Considerable emotional distress, Maladaptive behavior, Danger to self/others, not responsible for behaviors b. Classifying Psychological Disorders i. DSM-IV-TR: The Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4 th Edition, Text Revision; a manual published by the American Psychiatric Association, which describes the criteria used to classify and diagnose mental disorders. 1. Provides clinicians with multidimensional diagnostic system a. Multiaxial system c. Prevalence of Psychological Disorders i. More prevalent than physical disorders 50% rate d. Explaining Psychological Disorders i. Biological Perspective: views abnormal behavior as arising from a physical cause, such as genetic inheritance, biochemical abnormalities, or imbalances, structural abnormalities within the brain, and/or infection. 1. Diagnose and treat like any other disorder 2. Treat with drugs, electroconvulsive therapy or psychosurgery ii. Biopsychosocial Perspective: Disorder results from combination of biological, psychological, and social causes. 1. Should be treated by both drugs and psychotherapy iii. Psychodynamic Perspective: Stem from early childhood experiences, and unresolved, unconscious sexual or aggressive conflicts. 1. Treat by catharsis and psychoanalysis iv. Learning Perspective: Abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are learned and sustained like any other behaviors or there is a failure to learn appropriate behaviors
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1. Use classical and operant condition and modeling to extinguish abnormal behavior and to increase adaptive behavior; behavior therapy, behavior modification v. Cognitive Perspective: Faulty thinking or distorted perceptions can cause psychological disorders 1. Change faulty, irrational, and/ or negative thinking; Beck’s cognitive therapy; Rational-emotive therapy e. Anxiety Disorders: Psychological disorders characterized by frequent fearful thoughts about what might happen in the future i. 1. Panic attack: an episode of overwhelming anxiety, fear, or terror. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2011 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Morris during the Fall '08 term at Armstrong State University.

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Chapter 12 - Chapter 12 I. Defining Psychological...

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