Beiing - A Traditional Chinese Capital City

Beiing - A Traditional Chinese Capital City - A. Palaces 1....

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Humanities 1914: Explorations in Traditional Asian Cultures Beijing: A Traditional Chinese Capital City For comparisons between medieval cities in Europe and Asia see article by Ferdnand Braudel, “Towns and Cities,” in WOH, Vol. 2 (4 th ed.), pp. 468-479 (456-467 in 3 rd ed.) I. History A. 1279: Khanbaliq est. as Yuan dynasty (1215-1368) capital by Kublai Khan B. Early 1400s: Beijing becomes main capital of Ming dynasty (1368-1644) C. Remains capital under Qing dynasty (1644-1911) II. Feng-shui (geomancy) and the city layout (re; feng-shui, see WHO, Vol 2 (4 th ed.), pp. 520-521 (512-513 in 3 rd ed.) Wall all around the city All important building are in the north-south axis Concern with placement of thing, lake was a pleasure of the royal family Current city have expand from the old one (in 1900). III. Imperial sites
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Unformatted text preview: A. Palaces 1. Imperial Palace (" Forbidden City ") 2. Summer Palace B. Parks/Pleasure Gardens 1. Jinshan Park 2. Beihei Park C. Temples/Academies 1. Temple of Heaven (Tiantan) Built for annual ritual 2. Confucian Temple and Imperial Academy 3. White Cloud Temple and Academy (Daoist) 4. Yonghegong Lamasery (Tibetan Buddhist Temple and Monastery) D. Ming Tombs E. Great Wall IV. Other sites and features A. hutong : traditional neighborhood; siheyuan : traditional courtyard home B. Opera/tea house V. Dance and musical instruments A. yangge: traditional folk dance B. Musical instruments: yang-qin ("foreign" dulcimer-like instrument); gu-qin (variety of qin that is plucked); er-hu (2-stringed cello-like instrument); pipa (mandolin-like instrument)...
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Beiing - A Traditional Chinese Capital City - A. Palaces 1....

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